Friday, September 4, 2020
Should the President Be Required To Have Served in the Military GP week5 - Essay Example As the pioneer of the free world, our military servicemen look towards the man or lady sitting in the White House for authority, direction, and good help. Our military has seen a long queue of dynamic or war veteran presidents originating from George Washington who battled in the most punctual common war fights that liberated our nation from the British realm, right to George H.W. Shrub who, albeit just an individual from the Air National Guard (Ã¢â¬Å"Should Presidential Candidates and Elected Officials be Required to Serve in the Military?Ã¢â¬ , n.d.) , end up being the last incredible American president who realized that there was much more in question for the United States after the 9/11 assaults than only a feud upon the individuals who took American lives in a demonstration that equaled the besieging of Pearl Harbor back in World War II. It is absolutely critical that the American president have a type of military help tucked added to his repertoire, regardless of whether as a veteran of a universal war exertion or basically as a stateside based serviceman in light of the fact that our countrys history is soaks profoundly in these Ã¢â¬Å"war effortsÃ¢â¬ . By effectively serving the interests of the American military in any event, during what is seen to be Ã¢â¬Å"peacetimeÃ¢â¬ America, the following leader of this incredible country guarantees that he has an intensive comprehension of the significance of the United States as a peacekeeping country on the world stage, and furthermore has a careful handle of the universal outside relations of the United States. By effectively serving in the military, the following U.S. president will have a bit of leeway over his non-dynamic rivals, that of really having been in the focal point of the incredible Ã¢â¬Å"wartimeÃ¢â¬ political discussion. He will have a more notewo rthy information and understanding that being an American is a benefit and ought to be reimbursed by administration. He will have arrived at the decision that, as a military veteran, he comprehends the necessities of the universal network as far as U.S.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Basic condition demonstrating - Research Proposal Example Aptitude was not found to affect trust. What's more, trust has a noteworthy positive effect on long haul direction of the relationship among SMEs. The birthplaces of the basic condition demonstrating (SEM) have its foundations in three orders: human science, brain science and financial aspects. In promoting SEM begins its application in November 1982 in the issue distributed by the Journal of Marketing Research (Bollen 1989). SEM becomes out of and fills needs like different relapse, yet in an all the more remarkable way which considers the displaying of collaborations, nonlinearities, related independents, estimation mistake, associated blunder terms, various dormant independents each deliberate by numerous markers, and at least one inactive wards likewise each with numerous pointers. SEM might be utilized as an all the more remarkable option in contrast to numerous relapse, way investigation, factor examination, time arrangement examination, and examination of covariance. That is, these systems might be viewed as extraordinary instances of SEM, or, to put it another way, SEM is an augmentation of the general direct model (GLM) of which different relapse is a section. In this examination we apply SEM to look at the impact of notoriety, adaptability, data trade, force and ability on trust and thusly on long haul direction. ... ng-term direction is a focal subject in showcasing presently, it is vital to comprehend what are the factors that help clarify effective long haul relationship building. The investigation is organized as follows. In the first place, we give a short portrayal of SEM and its significance for showcasing research, at that point we give the bases to the interrelationship between the factors utilized in the model; this is trailed by depiction of the structure of the investigation lastly, conversation of the outcome is given. Depiction of auxiliary condition displaying and its appropriateness to the field of advertising SEM is generally seen as a corroborative as opposed to exploratory technique, utilizing one of three methodologies: 1. Carefully corroborative methodology: A model is tried utilizing SEM integrity of-fit tests to decide whether the example of differences and covariances in the information is reliable with a basic (way) model determined by the scientist. Anyway as other unexamined models may fit the information also or better, an acknowledged model is just a not-disconfirmed model. 2. Elective models approach: One may test at least two causal models to figure out which has the best fit. There are numerous integrity of-fit measures, reflecting various contemplations, and normally three or four are accounted for by the scientist. Albeit alluring on a basic level, this AM approach runs into this present reality issue that in most explicit research subject territories, the analyst doesn't discover in the writing two all around created elective models to test. 3. Model advancement approach: by and by, much SEM inquire about consolidates corroborative and exploratory purposes: a model is tried utilizing SEM strategies, saw as insufficient, and an elective model is then tried dependent on changes proposed by SEM alteration records. This
Friday, August 21, 2020
Understanding Parenthetical Elements An incidental component is a word or gathering of words that intrudes on the progression of a sentence and includes extra (however superfluous) data to that sentence. This component can be long or short, and it can show up toward the start, the center, or the finish of a provision or sentence. John, the second player in the lineup, is a quick runner.Mildred is an incredible cook, as an issue of fact.Just this once, you should give mustard a shot your nutty spread sandwiches.The hound, in the wake of guarding the bit up toy for over 60 minutes, at long last became weary of hanging tight for me to play with him. Sorts of Words or Word Groups that Can Be Parenthetical Elements: Appositives Model: The book, a 758 page beast, was required for my history class. Relative statements Model: My teacher, who has lunch each day instantly around early afternoon, was not accessible for conversation. Prepositional expressions Model: The turkey, after snapshots of pondering, ate the bug. Expressions as models Example:Ã Foods that are hot or zesty, for example jalapenos or hot wings, make my eyes water. You may think about the incidental component as an abrupt idea that flies into your head as you are saying something. Since it gives extra or supporting data to a total sentence, the primary piece of the sentence ought to have the option to remain solitary without the words expressed in the incidental component. The name incidental may create turmoil since it takes after the word enclosures. Truth be told, some incidental components are so solid (they can be very shocking) that they require bracket. The past sentence gives a model! Here are a couple of something else: My sister (the one remaining on the seat) is attempting to stand out enough to be noticed. The strawberry tart (the one with the nibble removed from it) has a place with me. Recently (the longest day of my life) I got my first speeding ticket. Accentuation for Parenthetical Elements The models above show that incidental components are typically set off by some type of accentuation so as to evade disarray. The sort of accentuation utilized really relies upon the level of interference brought about by the interrupter. Commas are utilized when the interference is least decided. On the off chance that the sentence containing the incidental component streams pretty easily, at that point commas are a decent decision: My companion, who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t like to wear socks, is attempting to give me his sneakers. Enclosures are utilized (as expressed above) when the interfering with thought speaks to a greater redirection from the first message or thought. Pizza is my preferred food (the block stove kind is best).I think Ill return home now (the walk will do me good)Ã¢ before I nod off at work. However, there is one more type of accentuation that you may utilize on the off chance that you utilize an intruding on incidental component that truly shocks the peruser from the principle thought. DashesÃ¢ are utilized for the most determined interferences. Use runs to set off an incidental component for an increasingly emotional effect.Ã¢ My birthday celebration what an astonishment!- was a ton of fun. The frog-the person who hopped on the window and made me hop a mile-is presently under my seat. I bit my lip-ouch!- to shield from expressing my genuine thoughts.
Guillermo Campos ID #477549 Research project on Global Warming Available resources That Could Be Employed to Save the Earth from Global Warming. A dangerous atmospheric devation ought to be a worry for cutting edge mankind. It very well may be a deciding element in saving our mankind. Preventive measures can be actualized to upgrade the nature of the air we inhale and the earth we live in. Getting instructed about practicing environmental safety is an incredible technique for tending to an unnatural weather change. It could have any kind of effect in the following period of our mankind. We should all contribute in our own specific manner to help forestall a worldwide temperature alteration. A worldwide temperature alteration is one the most discussed ecological subject of this day. Everybody is worry with the following period of mankind. Will we endure? Will the earth recharge itself from every one of these poisons? Counting the numerous methods and approaches to forestall this human calamitous occasion. A dangerous atmospheric devation is characterized as a continued increment in the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s barometrical temperature. This is because of human practices that bring about an expansion in the emanation of carbon-dioxide into the air from vehicles, heat from homes and organizations, manufacturing plants. These couple of things alone add to about 80% of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s carbon-dioxide discharges, 25% methane, and 20% nitrous-oxide. The expansion in agribusiness, deforestation, modern creation, and mining contribute a noteworthy portion of outflows too. Additionally the consuming of strong waste, petroleum products and wood items are a significant issue as well. Researcher accept that a dangerous atmospheric devation is a mix of human exercises just as common climatic change. Climatic change because of the characteristic life cycle can be a contribu... ... decline in the green growth populace and this would bring about a populace increment for green growth. At long last the destiny of humankind as for an Earth-wide temperature boost will be controlled by the moves we make separately and all in all. The principal activity is screen our practices. We have to rehearse increasingly protected and ecological neighborly exercises with regards to assisting with making our earth a cleaner and more secure spot to live. We can accomplish more to reuse. We must be aware of how we dump our trash. Unquestionably, we can utilize progressively natural items. By and large, the issue of forestalling a worldwide temperature alteration is on us as people. Nature has an influence as Fas atmosphere changes yet the greater part of the obligation of keeping the earth clean and remaining on that way is at last our duty.
Tuesday, July 14, 2020
Sample on The Problem of the Water in the World The Problem of the Water in the World May 16, 2019 in Ecology Introduction The XXI century is characterized by the strong growth of the world population and the development of urbanization. Nowadays, there are megacities with the population of over 10 million people. As a result of the development of industry, transport and energy as well as the industrialization of agriculture human impact on the environment has taken a global nature. It has led to the fact that fresh water consumption has increased by seven times, including that used for municipal drinking purposes, which increased by 13 times. Nowadays, water along with energy and food has become one of the major global problems. Nowadays, there is the lack of water resources in many regions of the world. The shortage of drinking water is obvious and extremely acute in some regions of the Earth. Freshwater Resources Freshwater resources exist because of the eternal cycle of water. Thus far, it is believed that water is indestructible and is recycled through the hydrologic cycle. As a result of evaporation, there is a huge amount of water reaching 530 thousands of cubic meters per year. 85% of this amount falls on the salty waters of the oceans and inland seas. The rest of water evaporates on dry land. Each year, about 1250 millimeters of the water layer evaporates. The major part of it falls with precipitation into the ocean.
Thursday, June 25, 2020
MBC 703 Ã¢â¬âCORPORATE FINANCE ACCOUNTS ASSIGNMENT: The Primary goal of a firm has been held out to be shareholder wealth maximization which translates to maximizing stock prices. In light of this statement, do you think firms have any responsibility to society? BY Akanji Emmanuel olusegun BSU/MS/MBA/08/3104 FACULTY OF MANAGEMENT SCIENCE MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (MBA) BENUE STATE UNIVERSITY MAKURDI. AUGUST,2010 1. 0 Introduction: The fundamental economic role of business is to make profit and to maximize shareholders wealth. Therefore, this primary objective is carried out in the society. Firms Operations are not performed in a vacuum but in an environment. Business Organizations are open system that must interact and respond to the environment. The performance of the Firm therefore is influence by the environment. The environment of business is made up of all the elements that are relevant to an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s operation though outside its control. This means that to survive in business environment, firm must anticipate, interact, act and react to environments to utilize the opportunities (maximizing Shareholder wealth) and avert the threats of not getting involve in(corporate social responsibilities) protect the interest of the societies. 1. 1 What is Corporate social responsibility? : Corporate social responsibility (CSR), also known as corporate responsibility, corporate citizenship, responsible business, sustainable responsible business (SRB), or corporate social performance, CSR is a form of corporate self-regulation integrated into a business model. Ideally, CSR policy would function as a built-in, self-regulating mechanism whereby business would monitor and ensure its support to law, ethical standards, and international norms. The definition of CSR used within an organization can vary from the strict stakeholder impacts definition used by many CSR advocates and will often include charitable efforts and volunteering. CSR may be based within the human resources, business development or public relations departments of an organisation, or may be given a separate unit reporting to the CEO or in some cases directly to the board. Some companies may implement CSR-type values without a clearly defined team or programme. Consequently, business would embrace responsibility for the impact of its activities on the environment, consumers, employees, communities, stakeholders and all other members of the public sphere. Furthermore, CSR-focused businesses would proactively promote the public interest by encouraging community growth and development, and voluntarily eliminating practices that harm the public sphere, regardless of legality. Essentially, CSR is the deliberate inclusion of public interest into corporate decision-making, and the honouring of a triple bottom line: People, Planet, Profit. Free market theory founded on liberal business ethos, presumably from Adam Smith: In the free marketplace, the essential (and ethical) aim for business leaders is to relentlessly pursue capital for their shareholders. The sole responsibility of business becomes simple: to facilitate the efficient allocation of economic resources and maximize shareholder wealth (i. e. become and remain as profitable as possible). Thus wealth creation transformed from selfish pursuit to Ã¢â¬Å"moral act. Ã¢â¬ Organized corporate responsibility programs not core function of business but seen ancillary to essential goal of profit-making This includes not only activities such a philanthropy, civic volunteerisms, and the like, but also Ã¢â¬Å"people centeredÃ¢â¬ strategic public relations, such as Identifying and building mutually beneficia l relationships with publics, or Establishing and maintaining a favorable public reputation Sacconi(2004). 2. 0 CSR and Value Assertion Bansal(2000) stated that Corporate social responsibility are more than philanthropy, not just extraneous activity but should be core moral part of spectrum of obligations businesses address as part of society: in his word, he thought specifically about those decisions which managers face in the daily course of carrying out the firms normal business activities, but which carry inherent ethical connotations. Examples of these types of decisions would include those decisions regarding layoffs, plant closings, workplace safety, product safety, worker compensation, executive salaries, information disclosure, or the level of pollution emissions . 1 Business Decisions and Corporate social responsibility Because every business decision ultimately affects someone, the decision should be made responsibly. Public relations should play a vital role in decision making by pointing out the potential implications and consequences of all of the firms behaviors not only for the various stakeholders of the business but, in the long run, for the organization itself. Elements of Liberal Business Ethos Ã¢â¬ ¢ Society is based on atomistic individual freedom, Ã¢â¬ ¢ Individuals are exclusively self-interested; Ã¢â¬ ¢ All relationships in economic society are by nature instrumental; Free markets are inherently stable and self-regulating; Ã¢â¬ ¢ There is a natural division of labor between business and government; and Ã¢â¬ ¢ The sole ethical responsibility of business is to maximize shareholder wealth (profits). Adam Smith credited with articulating basis for liberal business ethos in the Wealth of Nations: 2. 2 APPROACHES TO CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES An approach for CSR that is becoming more widely accepted is community-based development approach. In this approach, corporations work with local communities to better themselves. Often activities companies participate in are establishing education facilities for adults and Children, given scholarship and HIV/AIDS education programmes. The majority of these CSR projects are established in Nigeria by blue cheap companies such as Shell Nigeria in the Niger delta, Daimond bank Nigeria Plc Ã¢â¬âBuilding School Hostels Accommodation, AP oil, First bank Nigeria Plc to mention but a few. A more common approach of CSR is philanthropy. This includes monetary donations and aid given to local organizations and impoverished communities in developing countries. Some organization do not like this approach as it does not help build on the skills of the local people, whereas community-based development generally leads to more sustainable development. Another approach to CSR is to incorporate the CSR strategy directly into the business strategy of an organization. For instance, Diamond Bank Nigeria PLC in one of her product sponsor children to South Africa for maintaining some balances in their account. Another approach is garnering increasing corporate responsibility interest. This is called Creating Shared Value, or CSV. The shared value model is based on the idea that corporate success and social welfare are interdependent. A business needs a healthy, educated workforce, sustainable resources and adept government to compete effectively. For society to thrive, profitable and competitive businesses must be developed and supported to create income, wealth, tax revenues, and opportunities for philanthropy. CSV received global attention in the Harvard Business Review article Strategy Society: The Link between Competitive Advantage and Corporate Social Responsibility Michael(2000). Mark(1998) In his article provides insights and relevant examples of companies that have developed deep linkages between their business strategies and corporate social responsibility. Many approaches to CSR pit businesses against society, emphasizing the costs and limitations of compliance with externally imposed social and environmental standards. CSV acknowledges trade-offs between short-term profitability and social or environmental goals, but focuses more on the opportunities for competitive advantage from building a social value proposition 2. 3 Criticisms and concerns The practice of CSR is subject to much debate and criticism. Proponents argue that there is a strong business case for CSR, in that corporations benefit in multiple ways by operating with a perspective broader and longer than their own immediate, short-term profits. Critics argue that CSR distracts from the fundamental economic role of businesses; others argue that it is nothing more than superficial window-dressing; others yet argue that it is an attempt to pre-empt the role of governments as a watchdog over powerful multinational corporations. Corporate Social Responsibility has been redefined throughout the years. However, it essentially is titled to aid to an organizations mission as well as a guide to what the company stands for and will uphold to its consumers. Development Business ethics is one of the forms of applied ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that can arise in a business environment. CSR and the nature of business :Milton Friedman and others have argued that a corporations purpose is to maximize returns to its shareholders, and that since (in their view), only people can have social responsibilities, corporations are only responsible to their shareholders and not to society as a whole. Although they accept that corporations should obey the laws of the countries within which they work, they assert that corporations have no other obligation to society. Some people perceive CSR as incongruent with the very nature and purpose of business, and indeed a hindrance to free trade. Those who assert that CSR is contrasting with capitalism and are in favor of neoliberalism argue that improvements in health, longevity and/or infant mortality have been created by economic growth attributed to free enterprise. Critics of this argument perceive neoliberalism as opposed to the well-being of society and a hindrance to human freedom. They claim that the type of capitalism practiced in many developing countries is a form of economic and cultural imperialism, noting that these countries usually have fewer labor protections, and thus their citizens are at a higher risk of exploitation by multinational corporations. A wide variety of individuals and organizations operate in between these poles. For example, the REALeadership Alliance asserts that the business of leadership (be it corporate or otherwise) is to change the world for the better. Many religious and cultural traditions hold that the economy exists to serve human beings, so all economic entities have an obligation to society (e. g. Economic Justice for All). Moreover, as discussed above, many CSR proponents point out that CSR can significantly improve long-term corporate profitability because it reduces risks and inefficiencies while offering a host of potential benefits such as enhanced brand reputation and employee engagement. 2. 4 CSR and questionable motives Some critics believe that CSR programs are undertaken by companies such as British American Tobacco (BAT), the petroleum giant BP (well-known for its high-profile advertising campaigns on environmental aspects of its operations), and to distract the public from ethical questions posed by their core operations. They argue that some corporations start CSR programs for the commercial benefit they enjoy through raising their reputation with the public or with government. They suggest that corporations which exist solely to maximize profits are unable to advance the interests of society as a whole. Another concern is when companies claim to promote CSR and be committed to Sustainable Development whilst simultaneously engaging in harmful business practices. For example, since the 1970s, the McDonalds Corporations association with Ronald McDonald House has been viewed as CSR and relationship marketing. More recently, as CSR has become mainstream, the company has beefed up its CSR programs related to its labor, environmental and other practices All the same, in McDonalds Restaurants v Morris Steel, Lord Justices Pill, May and Keane ruled that it was fair comment to say that McDonalds employees worldwide do badly in terms of pay and onditions and true that if one eats enough McDonalds food, ones diet may well become high in fat etc. , with the very real risk of heart disease. Shell has a much-publicized CSR policy and was a pioneer in triple bottom line reporting, but this did not prevent the 2004 scandal concerning its misreporting of oil reserves, which seriously damaged its re putation and led to charges of hypocrisy. Since then, the Shell Foundation has become involved in many projects across the world, including a partnership with Marks and Spencer (UK) in three flower and fruit growing communities across Africa Gary (2004) Critics concerned with corporate hypocrisy and insincerity generally suggest that better governmental and international regulation and enforcement, rather than voluntary measures, are necessary to ensure that companies behave in a socially responsible manner. Others, such as Patricia Werhane argue that CSR should be looked more upon as a Corporate Moral Responsibility, and limit the reach of CSR by focusing more on direct impacts of the organization as viewed through a systems perspective to identify stakeholders Fields(2002). In the increasingly conscience-focused marketplaces of the 21st century, the demand for more ethical business processes and actions (known as ethicism) is increasing. Simultaneously, pressure is applied on industry to improve business ethics through new public initiatives and laws (e. g. higher UK road tax for higher-emission vehicles). The term CSR came in to common use in the early 1970s, after many multinational corporations formed, although it was seldom abbreviated. The term stakeholder, meaning those on whom an organizations activities have an impact, was used to describe corporate owners beyond shareholders as a result of an influential Freeman(1984). . 5 Potential business Impacts of CSR The scale and nature of the Impacts of CSR for an organization can vary depending on the nature of the enterprise, and are difficult to quantify, though there is a large body of literature exhorting business to adopt measures beyond financial ones found a correlation between social/environmental performance and financial performance. However, businesses may not be looking at short-run financial returns when developing their CSR strategy. A recent survey of 20,000 people in 20 countries offers some fascinating insights into the way consumers, and societies at large, perceive the social and environmental responsibilities of business. Corporate Social Responsibility Monitor 2001: Global Public Opinion on the Changing Role of Companies identifies those aspects of corporate practice that matter most to the general public. It also reveals some intriguing differences in priorities between different regions of the world. The survey was undertaken by Environics International, and involved interviews with around 1,000 people in each of 20 countries including the USA, Canada, Mexico, Britain, France, Germany, Japan, India, Russia and Nigeria. The key findings are as follows. 1. Significant numbers of investors take a companys social performance into consideration when making investment decisions 2. In wealthy countries, social responsibility makes a greater contribution to corporate reputation than brand image 3. Companies that ignore social responsibility place market share at risk 4. Views and behaviours of opinion leaders indicate that consumers social expectations of companies will continue to grow 5. North American consumers represent the most socially demanding market for companies 6. Two distinct groups of citizens, making up a third of the world, are engaged in pressurizing companies to assume greater social responsibility Human resources A CSR programme can be an aid to recruitment and retention, particularly within the competitive graduate student market. Potential recruits often ask about a firms CSR policy during an interview, and having a comprehensive policy can give an advantage. CSR can also help improve the perception of a company among its staff, particularly when staff can become involved through payroll giving, fundraising activities or community volunteering. See also Corporate Social Entrepreneurship, whereby CSR can also be driven by employees personal values, in addition to the more obvious economic and governmental drivers. What to Do? Articulate an alternative corporate ethical framework that places public relations into the core goals of socially responsible corporations. Public relations often perceived as attempt by cynical corporations to manipulate public opinion. Sadly true in some cases, but PR much more than this. 3. 0 Conclusion If Corporate Social Responsibilities(CSR) could become truly valued and supported by all Firm, it could become the foundation for a revised ethos between businesses and their societies all over the world. Such a revision should turn the invisible hand of business profitability into a visible and active hand of social prosperity. And businesses would be the better for it. . 0 Recommendations If corporate morality is to change into something less selfish and more humane, it should be guided by someone who values human relationships and be socially responsible too. Corporations must acknowledge that they are part of broader society and that publics in the society can have an impact on their achievements. Corporate Social Responsibilities(CSR) is based on publics, and publics are cultural constructs. Corporate Social Respo nsibilities , therefore, must take into account culture. REFERENCES: Baker, M. Companies in Crisis- What to do when it all goes wrong. Bansal, P. , R. Roth (2000). Why Companies Go Green: A model of Ecological Responsiveness. The Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 43, No. 4. Bulkeley, H. (2001). Governing Climate Change: The Politics and Risk Society. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, Vol. 26, No. 4. Davis Lewiz (2001) Ã¢â¬Å"Corporate Social Responsibility MonitorÃ¢â¬ Global Public Opinion on the Changing Role of Companies https://www. environicsinternational. com/ Fields, S. 2002). Sustainable Business Makes Dollars and Cents. Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 110, No. 3. Freeman K(1984). Ã¢â¬Å"Business and Corporate Social ResponsibilityÃ¢â¬ New York. Fry, L. W. , G. D. Keim, R. E. Meiners (1982). Corporate Contributions: Altruistic or for Profit? The Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 25, No. 1. Gary Woller, (2004) Ã¢â¬Å"Business Responsibility and Society- A Public Relation PerspectiveÃ¢â¬ Mark R. Kramer(1998), Ã¢â¬Å"V FSG Social Impact Advisors. Ã¢â¬ Kennedy School Harvard University. Michael E. Porter(2001) a leading authority on competitive strategy and head of the Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness at Harvard Business School Sacconi, L. (2004). A Social Contract Account for CSR as Extended Model of Corporate Governance (Part II): Compliance, Reputation and Reciprocity. Journal of Business Ethics, No. 11. Sullivan, N. ; R. Schiafo (2005). Talking Green, Acting Dirty (Op-Ed). New York Times, June 12, 2005. Sun, William (2010), How to Govern Corporations So They Serve the Public Good: A Theory of Corporate Governance Emergence, New York: Edwin Mellen, ISBN 9780773438637